Testicular cancer is highly curable if caught early enough. This type of cancer is more prevalent in men ages 20 to 39. Every man should know who to do a self testicular exam because it has been documented that most testicular cancers are found by the patient during a self exam.
There are signs of testicular cancer that every man should be aware of. One of the signs of testicular cancer is a painless lump or swelling in one of the testicles. A difference in the size of a testicle or any change in the way that it feels could be a sign of cancer.
Symptoms of testicular cancer
Swelling of a testicle could be the sign of testicular cancer. However, not all such swellings are testicular cancer. Such swellings could be caused by other conditions too (most of which are harmless). The lump (the testicular cancer) may or may not be accompanied by pain; so, do not consider the absence of pain as an indication of benign tissue. However, if you are in doubt then you should immediately contact a qualified doctor for advice.
Testicular cancer is treated by removal of the affected testicle (orhiectomy) and radiation or chemotherapy as follow-up treatment if needed. Testicular self examination is the best way to ensure early detection of tumours on the testes. If found and treated early survival rates are close to 90%.
Only one testicle is needed for male fertility and normal male sexual functioning so if testicular cancer is detected and treated early, the orchiectomy should not affect sexual activity or plans for family expansion.
There is nothing that can be done to prevent testicular cancer; the most that could be done is its early detection. Testicular self-exam is a great means of diagnosing testicular cancer; it is always better to test testicles immediately after bathing as this is when the scrotal sac is relaxed. The testicles have to be rolled between the forefinger and thumb for any signs of lumps.
Start an exercise program after cancer treatment, but start out slow. You can not be expected to run a marathon right after you have recovered from testicular cancer treatment. Find a good exercise program that you can do comfortably and stick with it. Build on the exercise program until you are at a fitness level that you are happy with. Stay in shape and you will decrease your risk of the cancer coming back.
While the causes of testicular cancer are unknown, some research suggests that regular exercise can help reduce the likelihood of men’s health problems such as this. Certain factors are believed to increase the likelihood of testicular cancer, such as the occurrence of this cancer in other family members and fertility problems.
Some of the testicle cancer symptoms, which may show the onset of testicular cancer appear in the form of mild pain in the lower back, and in the groin region. Some people have the tendency of overlooking the symptoms, because they might consider that pain to be lumbago. Nevertheless, if you are 15 years old up to the age of 39, you might want to look at the reasons for this unprecedented lumbago, especially when it is accompanied with a feeling of heaviness in the groin region and under the solar plexus.
Now that the question of ‘what is testicular cancer’ has been answered, let’s talk about the symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms are blood in the semen, loss of sexual appetite, tenderness or pain in the testicles, a lump or hardening in one of the testicles or an increase (or drastic decrease) in size of one of the testes. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is imperative that you see your doctor as soon as possible.
The causes are generally unknown. However, some conditions may raise the chances of men getting the tumor. Among these are genetics, klinefelter syndrome and undescended testicles. Some testicular cancer patients do not exhibit any risk factor linked to the cancer.